Po di Primaro
From Ferrara to Argenta and Campotto d’Argenta – about 50 km.
From the Este Castle go towards Corso Porta Reno up to Porta Paola, continue into via Bologna and, after the bridge on the Po di Volano, turn left in Via Putinati for Borgo San Luca, towards Torre Fossa.
At the outer suburbs of the city you see the Baroque Sanctuary of San Luca, with an ancient crucifix that tradition considers miraculous.
The road then curves along the ancient course of the Po di Primaro, through places whose names reflect their riverside position such as Torre Fossa and Fossanova.
Near the town of Sant'Egidio there is the Sanctuary of the Beata Vergine Del Poggetto, a modest and lovely building which houses a venerated picture depicting the Madonna.
Numerous stately homes of a certain value flank along the route up to Marrara, where you visit the imposing parish church, richly frescoed inside.
After crossed the nearby town of San Nicolò, where the seventeenth-century Villa Pasi-Casazza stands at a wide curve, continue towards S. Maria Codifiume along the Po di Primaro.
Beyond the village of Bova turn right at the intersection, and then immediately left to arrive, after about 5 km, at the Reno River.
This watercourse is mainly torrential and for centuries it was the cause of terrible floods mainly because it flew into the plain and not into the sea; now it reaches the Adriatic Sea along the river bed of the ancient Po di Primaro.
On the river banks a six-hole golf green, property of the Golf Club, lies among low dunes, bushes and autochthon thickets.
Continue along the embankment road for about 5 km, and then take the paved road for Consandolo and Boccaleone, after them you reach Argenta, a city probably of Roman origins, that in the Middle Ages went from the domain of the Archbishops of Ravenna to that of the Este Family. Filippo Jacopo d'Argenta, a miniaturist who worked on the decoration of the amazing Bible of Borso d'Este, and Giovan Battista Aleotti, architect and engineer at the Este court, were born here.
Argenta suffered significant damages in the 2nd World War and is now a flourishing and modern town. Towards Campotto you pass the picturesque Parish Church of San Giorgio, the oldest in the whole territory of Ferrara (sixth century) with a marvellous marble portal made in year 1122, on which the months and the work in the fields are represented.
After about 4 km you reach the Oasis of Argenta and Marmorta Laggons, which covers an area of 1,600 hectares with large ponds of water, surrounded by the typical vegetation of the hygrophilous woodlands, home to many species of animals, especially birds.
In the immediate vicinity there is the Museo delle Valli (Museum of the Lagoons), which is certainly worth visiting.