Itinerary in the art city
The district of Ravenna is the second largest in Italy, exceeded only by that of Rome, and takes up more than a third of the province.
Ravenna is famous worldwide for its mosaics. This city was the last chief town of the Western Roman Empire and the capital of the Byzantine power in Italy.
Visiting the city of Ravenna is like making a trip back in time: in fact,there are many monuments and sights that make this city unique.
Among the monuments, we have to mention:
The Mausoleum of Galla Pacidia, built in the fifth century A.D. to accommodate the sister of the Emperor Honorius after his death; it houses the oldest cycle of mosaics of the city, known especially for the bright starry sky;
The Basilica of San Vitale, a beautiful building with an octagonal plan constructed in the sixth century A.D. where you can admire the mosaic panels with the Emperor Justinian and the Empress Theodora, portrayed with wealthy clothes and luxurious jewelry;
The Basilica of Sant’Apollinare Nuovo, built in the sixth century AD in obedience to Emperor Theoderic’s will, characterized by the typical cylindrical bell tower and richly decorated with mosaics, which runs the entire length of the central aisle and the apse (these are the largest series of mosaics known so far), which are so flooded by light and colours;
The Mausoleum of Theoderic, recognizable by the particular shape of the dome, made with a single heavy block of Istrian stone, as confirmed by careful studies;
The Baptistery of Neon (or Orthodox), among the oldest monuments of the city, known especially for the wonderful mosaic of the dome, built at the behest of Bishop Neon (hence the baptistery is named).
Ravenna is one of the few cities in the entire world who boasts eight monuments declared World Heritage Site by UNESCO.
Among the other monuments in Ravenna do not forget the Archbishop's Chapel, Dante Alighieri’s tomb, the Basilica of St. Apollinare in Classe and many museums where there are works of art of primary importance, such as the National Museum, the Art Museum of the city of Ravenna and the Archiepiscopal Museum.
If you plan your holiday in Comacchio and its Lidos you will really have many opportunities to make art and cultural excursions near the Po Delta park!